Stone Gothic

It, along with worship arranged theological disputes, played out the mystery, there were meetings of citizens. The cathedral was conceived a sort of compendium of knowledge (mainly theological), the symbol of the universe, and his art system that combined the solemn grandeur of the dynamics of passion, plenty of plastic motifs with strict hierarchical system of subordination, expressed not only the ideas of the medieval social hierarchy and power of divine forces over man, but also a growing consciousness of the townspeople, a skeleton of poles (in the mature Gothic – the beam columns) and relying on them lancet arches. Building structure consists of rectangular cells (grass), bounded by four pillars and 4 arches, which, together with arch-ribs form the skeleton of the cross vaults filled with lightweight small arches – stripping. Raspor lateral arch of the main nave is transmitted through the support arches (flying buttresses) on exterior columns – buttresses. Freed from the burden of the wall between the pillars are cut arched windows. Neutralization of the arch thrust at the expense of making out the basic design elements allowed to create a feeling of lightness and creative efforts of the greatness of the human collective.

Gothic was born in Northern France (Hilda-France) in mid-12 century. and reached a peak in the first half of the 13th century. Stone Gothic cathedrals were during France its classic form. As a rule, it is 3-5 – nefnye basilica with a transverse nave – transept and choir of the semicircle bypass ('deambula thorium-'), which abut the radial chapel ('crown of chapels').